The Ottoman Sultan re-enters Budapest and establishes John Zapolya as the puppet king of Hungary.
Spanish explorers found St. Augustine, Florida, the first permanent European settlement in what is now the United States.
John Endecott arrives with colonists at Salem, Massachusetts, where he will become the governor.
The Dutch colony of surrenders to the British fleet that sails into its harbor. Five years later, the British change the name to New York.
British forces under William Johnson defeat the French and the Indians at the Battle of Lake George.
Confederate Lieutenant Dick Dowling thwarts a Union naval landing at , northeast of Galveston, Texas.
Between 30,000 and 50,000 Bulgarian men, women and children are massacred in Monastir by Turkish troops seeking to check a threatened Macedonian uprising.
Senator Huey Long of Louisiana is shot to death in the state capitol, allegedly by Dr. Carl Austin Weiss, Jr.
The United States, Australia, France, Great Britain, New Zealand, the Philippines, Pakistan, and Thailand sign the mutual defense treaty that established the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
Penguin Books in Britain is charged with obscenity for trying to publish the D.H. Lawrence novel Lady Chatterley's Lover.
Wildfires in Yellowstone National Park in the US, the world's first national park, force evacuation of the historic Old Faithful Inn; visitors and employees evacuate but the inn is saved.
Macedonian Independence Day; voters overwhelmingly approve referendum to form the Republic of Macedonia, independent of Yugoslavia.